early Nova Scotia
early oak island
Some things we know about the land mass that is called Nova Scotia.
The First Nations peoples, the Mi'kmaq, made Nova Scotia and Atlantic Canada their home for thousands of years. Nova Scotia is home to 10,000+ year-old paleo Indian sites.
1000+ The Norse settle in L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, and evidence found there, suggests they travelled further south to the place they called Vinland.
1520's - Portuguese explorer, Estêvão Gomes, explores the coast and a group of Portuguese fishermen, from the Azores, create a fishing station here.
1566 Cartographer, Bolongnini Zaltieri, gives the name, "Larcadia," to an area that includes Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
1604 - Samuel des Champlain settles what is now called Fort Le Héve, in the Lahave River, not far from Mahone Bay. In 1605 Champlain goes on to build Port-Royal Habitation in the Bay of Fundy.
1621-1632 Sir William Alexander creates the Royal Charter of Nova Scotia in an attempt to create a New Scotland, with early attempts at settlement. The Order of the Knight Baronets of Nova Scotia is created in 1624, the Nova Scotia's coat-of-arms in 1626 and the Scottish occupation of Port-Royal in 1629-32.
1629-1632 The French were holding on to their land claim at Fort St. Louis, near Port Latour, Nova Scotia. For a brief period the French reestablish Fort Le Héve.
1654 Nova Scotia was under English rule.
1667 Nova Scotia was under French rule.
1671 was the first official French census.
1690 Nova Scotia was taken by New England adventurer, Sir. William Phips, and then returned to the French in 1697.
1713 Nova Scotia passed to the English via the Treaty of Utrecht for good.
1749 The English started to colonize Nova Scotia with Foreign Protestants.
1753 First recorded owners of Oak island were New oak fish merchants Richard Smith and John Gifford.
1755 Captain Lewis - includes Oak Island on his chart.
1759 British Governor of Nova Scotia, Charles Lawrence, approved the Shoreham Grant, which offered free land grants as a wa to generator population growth.
1762 Shoreham Grant land, which included Oak Island, was approved by Charles Morris, Surveyor General of Nova Scotia, and the island was subdivided into 32 four acre lots.
Credit - Department of Natural Resources Crown Land
1783 End of the American Revolution sent a wave of settlers, the United Empire Loyalist to the area.
1791 Poll tax record show Oak Island was inhabited and being farmed.